Usmca Agreement Requirements
(i) the goods are entirely manufactured on the territory of one or more contracting parties; (ii) one or more of the non-native materials that are intended to be used as parts of the harmonized system used in the manufacture of the product cannot meet the requirements of Schedule 4 B (product-specific rules of origin), since both the merchandise and its materials are classified in the same sub-position or position that is no longer subdivided into sub-positions , or if the goods have been imported into the territory of a party in an uncontrolled or cut-out form, but is classified as well composed in accordance with Rule 2, point a), of the general regulation of interpretation of the harmonized system; and (iii) the regional value of goods determined in accordance with Article 4.5 (Regional Value Content) for the use of the net cost method, no less than 60%; the property meets all of the other applicable requirements of Chapter 4. NAFTA has three primary dispute resolution mechanisms. Chapter 20 is the settlement mechanism for countries. It is often considered the least controversial of the three mechanisms, and has been maintained in its original form from NAFTA to the USMCA. In such cases, complaints filed by USMCA Member States against the duration of the contract would be violated.  In Chapter 19, the justifications for anti-dumping or countervailing duties are managed. Without Chapter 19, the avenue of recourse for the management of these policies would be through the national legal system. Chapter 19 provides that an USMCA body hears the case and acts as an international commercial tribunal to arbitrate the dispute.  The Trump administration has attempted to remove Chapter 19 of the new USMCA text, which until now existed in the agreement. An April 2019 Analysis by the International Trade Commission on the likely effects of the USMCA estimated that the agreement would increase U.S. real GDP by 0.35 percent if the agreement were fully implemented (six years after ratification) and would increase total U.S. employment by 0.12% (176,000 jobs).   The analysis cited by another Congressional Research Service study showed that the agreement would not have a measurable effect on employment, wages or overall economic growth.
 In the summer of 2019, Larry Kudlow, Trump`s chief economic adviser (the director of the National Economic Council at Trump White House), made unfounded statements about the likely economic impact of the agreement and overstated forecasts related to jobs and GDP growth.  The agreement is described differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA);   in Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (ACEUM) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado is called tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC).   The agreement is sometimes referred to as „New NAFTA” with respect to the previous trilateral agreement for the successor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Looking for more information on duty-free imports of goods under the new trade agreement? To learn more about certification requirements, click here.